Kantor Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry

United States of America

Excerpts of the following laws appear in the publication "Legislating for Equality, A Multinational Collection of Non-Discrimination Norms. Vol. II: Americas":

Human Rights Related Legislation

Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act of 1980.

Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993, as Amended up to 2003.

International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, as Amended up to 2011.

Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000.

The USA Patriot Act of 2001, as Amended up to 2006-Extanded in 2011.


Penal Code Provisions


US Code, Title 18, Chapter 13, as Amended in 1988.

Campus Hate Crimes Right to Know Act of 1997.

US Code, Title 42, Chapter 45- Fair Housing, Subchapter 2-Prevention of Intimidation.

Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990, as Amended up to 2009.

Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009.


Non- Discrimination


Civil Rights Act of 1866, as Amended up to 1991.

Elementary and Secondary Education Amendments of 1969.

Civil Rights Act of 1964, as Amended up to 2009.

Equal Opportunities Act of 1974.

Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008.


Protection Of Minorities

The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971, as Amended up to 1991.

American Indian Religious Freedom Act Amendments of 1994.

Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) of 2010.

Executive Order Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities of 2011.

An Act to Authorize Helping Expedite and Advance Responsible Tribal Home Ownership Act of 2012 (HEARTH Act).

Executive Order- White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans of 2012.


Equality Bodies/ Ombudsman

Us Code-Title 42, Chapter 21.